Machu Pichu, Peru, is one of the major tourist destinations in the world, thanks to the magnificent architecture that presents the citadel, and the mystery surrounding its discovery and the fate of its inhabitants. Accessible only by two roads, remains controlled entry of visitors to this cultural treasure of mankind. Machu Pichu, Peru, was one of the vacation homes of the first Inca emperor, Pachacuti (1438-1470). Some experts say that the citadel was dedicated to two functions, the residence and the religious shrine.
Machu Picchu Tourism
The town is considered World Heritage Site for its quality, is a masterpiece of architecture and engineering, making it one of the biggest tourist destinations in the world.
Machu Picchu is located in the province of Urubamba, in the Cuzco region. To access it, should be used Hiram Bingham Highway, which climbs the hill from the train station of Puente Ruinas, which is at the bottom of the canyon. Or you can climb on foot along the Inca roads. To enter the ruins, you must pay an entry.
Terraces on the east side in the Agricultural Sector
Hiram Bingham Highway honest integrated into the national grid, but is born in the village of Aguas Calientes, which must be reached by helicopter or train. This complication in the form of access is designed to regulate the number of visitors to the area. Aguas Calientes is dedicated exclusively to tourism. It is possible to address a local bus in Cuzco. The climate is hot and humid during the day and cool at night. The temperature ranges between 12-24 ° C.
Ruins of Machu Pichu, Peru
The sanctuary of Machu Pichu, Peru is divided into two main sectors, agriculture and urban areas. The city is surrounded by agriculture. The main access road coming from Cuzco to the south and crosses the crest of the hill, reaching the entrance, after passing through an area of ??isolated constructions, such as the lookout, guard posts, barns and agricultural terraces.
There were other roads, one leading to the river from the northeast, which is currently enabled for the public.
The sanctuary consists of a citadel, consisting of palaces, temples, houses and stores, as well as religious buildings, whose main element to the mausoleums carved into the rock.
The buildings, plazas and platforms that form the urban sector, are interconnected by a system of narrow streets and trails, mostly in the form of steps, which cross the terraces along a longitudinal axis plane. In the urban sector is the main platform, which is the main square, which divides the buildings into “up” and “down”. From the urban sector is blocking access to the sanctuary, with elements such as the defensive wall and ditch wide, it was a dry moat that surrounded the whole, as a form of restricted ceremonial isolation, not as a military fortification.
The Inca Trail
There is evidence of the use of astronomical criteria and rituals in the construction of buildings. Some of them are aligned with the solar azimuth during the solstices.
The material used is granite-white and came from nearby quarries. The stone was worked with crowbars and bronze tools. The stones were smoothed with abrasive sand and stone. Nearly all floors of the buildings are rectangular. There are buildings of one, two and eight gates, which are located on one side of the rectangle.
It is also common to find buildings with only three walls, with a colonnade wall covering space missing. The rigging of the stone walls were of two types: with mud mortar, and finely carved stone in the main building. Do not keep any roof, but experts agree that they were two or four sides.